Capturing images interchangeably called screenshot, screen captures, or screen grabs is just an everyday part of what we do. No matter what your platform, here is how to take a picture of what is on your screen.
But taking screenshots is not the norm for everyone. In fact, there may be some of you out there who are not even aware you can do it. But it is easy.If you need to take a screenshot (or 10), this is the tutorial you need. You get to know all that is needed about capturing screenshots, no matter the platform—Windows, macOS, ChromeOS, iOS, Android, and other mobile operating systems.
Most of the tips require nothing more than the operating system itself—they have all got built-in methods of capturing a screen. However, there are a lot of third-party software tools that will take your screen-grab game up a notch.
You probably take a lot of pictures with your smartphone, but you can also take a picture of what is already on the screen. The tools to do so are built right in.
Google’s smartphone operating system, Android, has built-in screenshot options if you have Android 4.0 or later. Hold the power button and volume down for one or two seconds. The screen will flash white, and the image is saved to your photo gallery.
The problem is, that does not always work. Since Google does not have strict control over Android like Apple does over iOS, things can get weird. Try the Home and power buttons at the same time. If that does not work, then you need to go with an app . Google Play has way too many screenshot apps to count; some free, some paid. The top-rated one, is Screenshot Easy from Ice Cold Apps(www.icecoldapps.com) ; it comes in a free and paid edition for $1.99(N1000). It uses the same basic triggers as Android itself, or customise it and take a screenshot just by (for example) shaking your phone.
If you would like to take screens on a PC of what transpires on your Android device, check out Apowersoft’s Android Recorder(www.apowersoft.com) . It lets you cast what happens on a phone or tablet wirelessly to Windows or macOS for easy capture of not only stills but also video. It requires Android 5.0 or newer.
If you are into the Android-based wearables, good news: taking an image shot of the watch face is much easier than it used to be. But to do so, you don’t use the watch itself—you use the app on your Android device.
Open the Android Wear app, hit the ellipsis/overflow menu (the three dots), and choose “Take wearable screenshot.” You will get a notification on the handheld that the “Wearable screenshot finished. Touch to send.” You have to do this because the shot is not stored: you need to send it somewhere for it to be seen, be it another app, a sharing service, or even as a message/email to someone else. Screens are always named “screen.png.”
With Apple’s iOS for iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch, there is only one option for taking a screenshot. Go to the exact screen you want to capture; if it is something animated or moving, you will need to time this just right: Hold the Sleep/Wake button (on top or the right side of the device, depending on the model) then click the Home button. You’ll hear a camera shutter (if your sound is on) and see a “flash.” The screenshot appears in your Camera Roll/All Photos, as well as in the Screenshots album. It’s that simple.
You can try holding the buttons the other way around, but the devices with the Touch ID fingerprint scanner could mess things up, depending on what you want to capture—like your Lock Screen.
If you prefer to take screens right on the PC, even of your smartphone, a great free option for iOS is LonelyScreen(www.lonelyscreen.com) . Just share your iOS screen on the PC via AirPlay and take all the PC-based screengrabs (or video grabs) you like.
Another option with screen-capture tools built right in is Apowersoft’s iPhone/iPad Recorder. As long as the PC and iPhone are on the same Wi-Fi network, they will talk via AirPlay instantly (once you activate the connection in the Control Center). The software can record video, stills, and of course, the AirPlay option means you can play any media—songs, video, audiobooks, podcasts, etc.—right through the PC. It works with Windows and macOS computers. The weird thing with the program is it requires you to go to the Apowersoft.com website to launch it, even after you install it on a PC.
What about watchOS on the Apple Watch? It is just as simple, but first you must enable the option—screenshots are turned off by default in watchOS 3. Apple Watch – watchOS — screenshotOn your iPhone or iPad, launch the Watch app, go into Settings and turn “Enable Screenshots” to On.
Now, back to the Apple Watch itself. Pull up the screen you want to capture. Hold the Side Button and click the Digital Crown (or try to click them simultaneously; it takes some timing to get it right). Like on iPhone, the screen will “flash” white and the camera shutter will go off; the image will appear on your iPhone Camera Roll—don’t look on the watch itself.
By the way, that particular key-pairing is also now how watchOS helps you pause/resume workouts that the watch measures. So, whenever you work out, you may be taking a couple of extra screenshots (or more) if enabled.
Windows Phone 8 and Windows 10 Mobile
Windows Phone makes it a simple process like the rest: press and hold the power and volume Up buttons (if you hold volume down, the phone will reboot). Screenshots go right into the Photo Hub: look for Pictures, then an album marked Screenshots, stored as PNG files.
You cannot take a screenshot with Windows Phone 7 without unlocking it.
If you are using Windows 10 Continuum, doing this keystroke still only takes a shot of your mobile screen, not any external display; for that, you still use the Windows desktop key-commands (see below).
With BlackBerry devices, press the volume up and volume down keys simultaneously. The camera noise should click and the image will be in your Camera folder (not on the SD card). Open the File Manager to find them. If that does not work, download CaptureIT OTA by visiting the link. I will spell out how to change some permissions, but after you should be set.
The absolute simplest way to take a screenshot in Windows is to use the PrtScn (PrintScreen) button. You will find it on the upper right side of most keyboards. Click it once and…it will seem like nothing happened. But Windows just copied an image of your entire screen to the clipboard. You can then hit Ctrl-V to paste it into a program, be it a Word document or an image-editing program.
The problem with PrtScn is, it is not discerning—it gets everything visible on your monitor or monitors (if you’ve got a multi-monitor setup, it’ll grab all the displays as if they’re one big screen).To narrow things down, open a window, make it the focus of attention, and then tap Alt-PrtScn. That also appears to do nothing, but it’s in fact taking a screen grab of just that window and copied it to the clipboard.
One more built-in helper is the Snipping Tool. It has been around since the days of Windows Vista, so you may have to search to find it (a breeze to do in Windows 10). Once launched, it provides a tiny window with menus that make it easy to capture multiple types of screenshots. Grab just the area you want (in a rectangle or draw free-form; the latter is shown above), a select window, or the whole screen. Snipping Tool shows you the captured image instantly so you can choose what to do with it: save it, copy it, email it, annotate it, or highlight sections of it. It is an old workhorse program, though, and not up-to-date enough to offer sharing via social networks.
Windows has a spectacular array of great screen-capture utilities available. Top of the line is Snagit—it costs a whopping $50(N25,000). Of course, it will do it everything you can imagine, even take video of what is happening on your screen (that’s called a “screencast”).
You can find plenty of screenshot apps for free, though. Jing, by the makers of Snagit, also does screencast videos and makes sharing what you capture easy. LightShot is a nifty and small utility that takes over the PrtScrn key and makes it easy to capture and share. Both are also available for Mac.
Like with iOS, Apple has a tight grip on its desktop/laptop operating system. With a macOS-based PC, however, you get a few more screenshot options than you get with Windows (since Mac keyboards lack a PrtScn key).
Here are the easy steps: To capture the entire screen, tap Command+Shift+3 (all three keys at once). A PNG image file of the screen will appear on your desktop. If you only want part of the screen, tap Command+Shift+4; it turns the cursor into a crosshair. Select the section of the screen you want to capture. Or, press the space bar, and the cursor turns to a camera—click on any open window to highlight it. Click again and just the window itself is captured.
If you like the Windows method—where what you capture is saved to the clipboard instantly—just try Command+Control+Shift+3 for the whole screen or Command+Control+Shift+4 for a section. Adding the Control key to the keystroke ensures the image isn’t saved to your desktop, then use Control+V to paste it into any app.
If you have a Mac with Retina display, a screenshot of the entire screen can be huge in PNG format, as big as 7MB. If you would rather the Mac save in JPG or some other format, change the settings. You need to open a terminal window on the Mac in question and type:
If you are asked for your password, enter it. Restart your system and future screenshots should be in JPG format. Change it back by typing the same, but replace “jpg” with “png.”
Prefer an app that will take care of screenshots? Apple still includes Grab in its Applications > Utilities folders (search with Spotlight to find it quickly). Grab’s effectiveness is limited in that it only captures images in TIFF format, but it can take a shot of the whole screen, a window, or a selected section, and it has a timer so you can capture items like drop-down menus. The shortcuts to do so are the same as you wouldd use for the OS itself, so really, don’t bother with Grab unless you only work with a mouse.
Remember, Macs can also take advantage of free, third-party utilities for screenshots, including Snappy (which can sync screenshots with the SnappyApp for iOS), Jing, Snagit, Skitch, LightShot, and others. If you feel it is better to pay, the venerable, award-winning SnapzProX is an option that costs a jaw-dropping $69(N34,500).
There are almost as many ways to take a screenshot in Linux as there are flavours of Linux. Let us take a look at Ubuntu in particular.
You can go right to Applications > Accessories > Take Screenshot to start.PrtScn works—hit the button on the keyboard and it’ll shoot the entire screen. Hit Alt-PrtScn to grab just the active window.
True Linux heads will appreciate the ability to take a screenshot from that most un-screenshot-worthy window: the terminal.
Maybe the best thing to do is take a screenshot from within a program where you can edit the screenshot after, and there’s no better candidate than GNU Image Manipulation Program or GIMP. Within the program select File > Acquire > Screen Shot. You will get a few options, such as taking the entire screen, a window, or using a time delay. The captured image is then opened up in GIMP for editing.
If you own a Chromebook running ChromeOS—Google’s way of turning the browser essentially into the operating system—naturally you need a way to take your own screenshots.
Hit the Ctrl and Windows Switcher Key in the top row –it is the one that looks like a stack of windows layered on top of each other, or box with some lines next to it—simultaneously. That’ll take a full-screen image. You’ll see the notification on the lower right of the screen.
Make it Cntrl+Shift+Window Switcher to get just a section of the screen. The cursor becomes cross-hairs you can use to select what you want an image of. If you are using a standard keyboard—not a Chromebook keyboard, and thus lacking the Window Switcher button—you’ll need to Cntrl+F5 instead.
All the images are saved as PNG files and get stuck in your Downloads folder. They, weirdly, do not go to Google Drive. Not until you copy them there, anyway. Since 90 percent of what you do on a Chromebook probably takes place in the Chrome Web browser, you can also utilise a number of Chrome extensions. For those, look below.
Many Web browsers, in particular, Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox, support add-ons that extend the usability of the browsers. Here are a few such extensions that put screen-capture utilities right into the browser.
>>LightShot (Free; Chrome, Firefox, IE, Opera, Windows): It is available for Mac and Windows desktops, but also on almost every browser across all operating systems.
>>FireShot ($39.95(N20,000); Firefox, Chrome, IE, SeaMonkey, Thunderbird, Opera): Beyond the browser, FireShot even works with mail programs. It will capture and allow instant edits, allow sharing via social media or instant saves to the computer, and send images to Microsoft OneNote.
>>Awesome Screenshot (Free; Chrome, Firefox, Safari): Capture a whole page or a section and then quickly annotate it (or blur out the naughty bits) before sharing instantly.
>>Nimbus Screen Screenshot (Free; Firefox, Chrome, Android, Windows): Not only can Nimbus take a full shot or just grab what you want, you can use it for drawing so make a annotations or mark up those same images.